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Although various research confirms an overlap between victims and offenders, much less

is known about victimization and recidivism. Using data from the Serious and Violent

Offender Reentry Initiative evaluation, this study measures the extent to which the frequency

of recent victimization influences recidivism in the 15 months following release

from prison. Buffering effects are also investigated by examining whether family support

moderates the relationship between victimization and recidivism. After controlling

for other known predictors of recidivism, logistic regression models using both listwise

deletion and multiple imputation reveal that more frequent victimization significantly

increases the likelihood of any self-reported recidivism and has a particularly large effect

on violent recidivism for those previously convicted of serious and violent offenses.

Even at higher levels of family support, victimization still increases the likelihood of