Document Type

Course Project

Publication Date

Winter 2022



Background: Although anesthesia professionals are familiar with this multimodal analgesia, a need remains in educating nurses who will take care of the patients postoperatively so that multimodal techniques may be continued while minimizing opioid use.

Purpose: The purpose of this scholarly doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) project is to validate components of an educational program detailing multimodal analgesia so that postoperatively, nurses may continue to utilize similar techniques for patients to minimize opioid exposure.

Design: A quality improvement project using cross sectional data collection with a focus on provider education was conducted.

Instrumentation: Survey quantitative data analyzed using content validity index and narrative descriptive analysis of qualitative data.

Results: Multimodal analgesia effect on postoperative pain scores and risk vs. benefits of multimodal analgesia compared to opioids are relevant (CVI=0.80). Various medications within multimodal techniques require revision (CVI=0.77). Detailed history of multimodal analgesia’s development is not relevant (CVI=0.68)

Discussion: Anesthesia providers are experts in the field of multimodal analgesia and are using this technique more frequently. With input from anesthesia providers, an expert validated multimodal educational program was developed to improve PACU nurses' knowledge to continue multimodal analgesia techniques postoperatively and improve patient outcomes.

Keywords: multimodal analgesia, multimodal anesthesia, opioid-free anesthesia