Two forts protected Philadelphia from potential Confederate attack. Located along the Delaware River just south of downtown, Fort Mifflin was primarily a prison, housing both Confederate prisoners of war and Union soldiers and civilians accused of war crimes. Further south
In June 1864 Philadelphia’s Logan Square was chosen as the site for the Great Central Fair, held to support the troops; 400,000 visitors raised a million dollars for the war effort and for the medical care of the wounded. President
In mid-June, 1863--three months after La Salle received its charter--there was panic in Philadelphia as General Robert E. Lee crossed into Pennsylvania and threatened Harrisburg and, potentially, Philadelphia. Frantic calls went out for home guard volunteers to defend the state
"Philadelphia’s factories, arsenals, and navy yards manufactured many crucial elements of the Union’s war supplies, ranging from uniforms to gunships. The Frankford Arsenal along the banks of the Delaware River employed more than 1,000 workers assembling guns and ammunition. The
Philadelphia's residents supported the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon and Hospital with both their money and their time. Note on this elaborate contribution receipt the illustration of children helping the soldier, a recent amputee.
"As troops moved through the city to the front lines, patriotic civic groups organized to provide food, drink, washing facilities, letter-writing supplies, and later medical care to the soldiers. The Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, organized in 1861, followed by the